|They went right into the irons - 815 Αναγνώσεις || |
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Στίχοι: Γιάννης Ρίτσος
Μουσική: Μίκης Θεοδωράκης
Πρώτη εκτέλεση: Γρηγόρης Μπιθικώτσης
Χορωδία Τερψιχόρης Παπαστεφάνου
Mπήκαν στα σίδερα και στη φωτιά,
κουβέντιασαν με τα λιθάρια,
κεράσανε ρακί το θάνατο
στο καύκαλο του παππουλή τους
στ’ Aλώνια τα ίδια αντάμωσαν το Διγενή
και στρώθηκαν στο δείπνο
κόβοντας τον καημό στα δυο
έτσι που κόβανε στο γόνατο
το κριθαρένιο τους καρβέλι.
Lyrics: Yiannis Ritsos
Music: Mikis Theodorakis
First version: Yriyoris Bithikotsis
Horodia Terpsihoris Papastefanou
They went right into the irons and into the fire
they chatted with the rocks
they treated death to raki
in their granddad's skull
On the threshing-floor they met Digenis
and laid out supper
cutting grief in two
cutting grief in two
just like they'd cut, on their knee
their loaf of barley bread
| ||Translator's notes: |
Raki is the Turkish cousin of ouzo and tsipouro - a fiery alcoholic drink.
The skull used as a drinking cup is a practice widely documented in ethnology (from the Scandinavian Viking age to New Guinea...); it is usually associated with a manly contempt for (one's own) death, and with honouring the dead, especially valorous enemies and one's own ancestors, especially if fallen in battle.
The "aloni" or threshing-floor is a highly symbolic place in (past time) Greek village society, the place where the grain was threshed (hard work, community, prosperity), where dances were held, and occasionally challenges.
Digenis is Digenis Akritas, the hero of the Byzantine epic that bears his name and the most famous of the "akrites", that is the guardians of the borders of the Byzantine realm in the early middle ages - the French counterpart would be the "Chanson de Roland", the English "Beowulf".
Barley bread is the food of the humble, as opposed the wheat bread of the rich.
Geeske © 09-06-2005 @ 00:20
|or they 've spoken a lot with the rocks/they have discussed a lot with the rocks |
|The most famous folk song about Digenis is the one narrating the duel held in the "Marble Threshing-floors" between Digenis and Charos (from the ancient Charon the god who escorted the souls of the dead into the underworld something like the Grim Ripper)|
They 've passed through iron and fire
they spoke a lot with the rocks
they offered to Death raki
In the same treshing-floors they joined Digenis
and sat to have supper
cutting grief in the middle
just as they used to cut on their knee
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